|Country name||Republic of Lithuania – (Lith.): Lietuvos Respublika|
|Location||Easternmost country bordering the Baltic Sea|
|Neighbouring countries||Latvia, Belarus, Poland, Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast)|
|Area||65,200 square kilometres, biggest of the three Baltic States|
|Capital||Vilnius – (Lith.): Vilnius (Inhabitants: approx. 553,000)|
|Population||3.24 million inhabitants, from which: 83.9 percent Lithuanian, besides Polish (6.6 percent), Russian (5.4 percent), Belarusian (1.3 percent), Ucrainian (0.6 percent), German (0.1 percent) and other nationalities (census of 2011); life expectancy: 68 years (men), 78.8 years (women)|
|Religions||Predominantly Catholic, besides Russian Orthodox, Protestants and Jews|
Lithuania is a state in Central resp. North Europe and is the southernmost of the three Baltic states. In the west, the country is contiguous to the Baltic Sea and other parts of Lithuania to Latvia, Belarus, Poland and the Russian Kaliningrad oblast. Since 2004, the country – with about 2.9 million inhabitants – is a member of the EU and since the beginning of 2015, part of the Eurozone. The capital of Lithuania is Vilnius, where about 535.000 people live.
The weather in Lithuania is characterized by moderate climate. Westerly winds from the coastal area bring moist-warm air from the Baltic Sea to the interior of Lithuania. With 6.2°C, the average yearly temperature can be compared to many other European countries, e.g. Germany. Warmest month of the year is July with 17°C on average and coldest month is January with -5°C on average.
In Lithuania you will find more than 200 natural reserves, among them five national parks, seven protectorates, four wilderness areas and 30 regional parks. Over 14% of the Lithuania’s land is therefore a nature reserve.
Lithuania is characterized by many different cultural influences. A long, shared history with Poland – and relationships to the Hansa and the Baltic area – resulted in many orthodox churches in Lithuania. In the west of Lithuania you can clearly see the Hanseatic-North European tradition with German, Danish and Swedish influences (e.g. half-timber houses, brick Gothic). In the east of the country – especially in Vilnius – many Polish culture elements can be recognized. One of the Lithuanian UNESCO World Heritage Sites is the historic downtown of Vilnius, which was mainly shaped by Baroque style.