About Bulgaria – University of Varna

Country name: Republic of Bulgaria (Republika Bulgaria)
Climate: Warm summers and relatively cold winters
Location: Bulgaria is located in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula and has 4 landscape areas:

  • North-Bulgarian plains, south of the Danube
  • Balkan mountain range (up to 2,300 m high)
  • Central basin
  • Thracian mountain range to the south (up to 3,000 m high)
Area: 111,002 sq km
Capital: Sofia, 1.29 million inhabitants (unofficially, more than 2 million)
Population: 7.364 million inhabitants (Values: February 2011), population density: 66.34 people per sq km. 72.5% of the population lives in urban areas. The population is composed by the following ethnic groups (it is difficult to give exact figures in spite of the 2011 census, as stating the particulars regarding affiliation to a specific ethnic group is voluntary and normally not verifiable): 84.8% Bulgarians, 8.8% Turks, 4.9% Roma, 2% Russian, Ukrainians, Macedonians, etc. The population numbers show a decreasing tendency (-564,000 in 10 years; rate: -0.7 per year).
Official language: Bulgarian, literacy rate: 98.6%

Bulgaria is a Southeast European republic – with approx. 7.2 million inhabitants – in the east of the Balkan Peninsula. The country is locates next to Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, Turkey and the Black Sea. The capital of Bulgaria is Sofia. Approx. 1.27 million people are living in the city.

In Bulgaria, there are two big mountain ranges: the Rhodopes and the Balkan Mountains. North of the Balkan Mountains, you will find Danube lowlands, in which e.g. the cities Pleven and Varna are located. Varna is located in the east of the country, directly at the Black Sea and is therefore a very popular tourist destination – especially among Germans. Beyond that, Bulgaria has three national parks, eleven nature parks and 55 natural reserves.

In the north of Bulgaria, a continental climate is prevailing. Summers are hot and dry with an average temperature of around 22°C, winters are relatively cold with an average temperature of approx. 0°C. The annual average temperature is 12°C. Varna – being located at the coast of the Black Sea – is an especially popular bathing space due to its weather. The water temperatures in summer are very pleasant.

The tourism in Bulgaria has developed in such a way, that each year 8.5 million tourists are coming to Bulgaria. Not only is the tourism at the beautiful Golden Sands contributing to this, but also the winter sports and cultural tourism in a large part. Among the country of origin of the tourists, Greece, Germany and Great Britain are among the top 5.

Bulgaria is rich in culture. This is not least due to many different people and cultures having left their imprints – in the form of different cultural assets – within the history of Bulgaria. All in all, Bulgaria has nine UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites (Boyana Church, Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo, Nessebar, Madara Rider, Rila Monastery, Srebarna Nature Reserve, Strandzha Mountain Range, Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak and Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari).